Different approaches to knee pain and swelling

Daily,people utilize their knees in different types of physical activities such as walking, climbing, running or even running. Knees are valuable joints of the body hinged by ligaments that support our mobility. However, it is also highly likely that people overstrain their knees particularly when they pursue sports such as running, sprinting , basketball and other racket sports. As years pass by and people age, the synovium fluid produced by the knee is reduced thereby resulting to knee pain and swelling. In some instances, knee pain swelling is related to trauma from a sports injury. In fact, there are many probable origins of knee pain and swelling so it is highly preferable to consult a doctor at the start of the symptoms. Nevertheless, here’s a practical overview of some approach to knee pain and swelling that can help you understand how this condition is treated. The following guideline is taken from the University of Michigan Health System. .

Various tests done to diagnose knee pain and swelling. Typically, physicians require a complete medical history of the patient as well as complete physical check-up. Then, the succeeding laboratory tests are advised:
* Blood studies (e.g., complete blood count, sedimentation rate, fungal, tuberculosis, or bacterial cultures) * Synovial fluid analysis (e.g., cell count, crystals, fungal, tuberculosis, or bacterial cultures)
* X-ray
* Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
* Vascular studies

Pain management and Relief

Frequently, topical treatments like ice or Capsaicin have been used for knee pain and swelling. For some years now, Capsaicin ( the compound that makes peppers very hot ) is being used to relieve several ailments such as arthritis and osteoarthritis. The substance curtails the release of a neurotransmitter responsible that cause swelling and pain. Topical treatments are often given along with oral medicines such as :

* Acetaminophen * Salicylates * Typical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs ) * Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors * Combination preparations (for example diclofenac sodium & misoprostol) * Alternative medicine like glucosamine and chondroitin

knee pain and swelling can also be prevented by developing leg muscle groups such as hamstrings and quadriceps. In some cases,taking a rest is often suggested to completely heal knee pain and swelling. As suggested earlier, only a medical specialist can correctly diagnose knee pain and swelling so you can receive a right and safe treatment.