Even though a lot of people have heard about it but not everybody actually knows what is lymphoma cancer. Lymphoma is a cancer that affects the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is made up of the lymph vessels, lymph, lymph nodes, bone marrow and even the spleen and liver. The fluid that circulates the lymphatic system is called the lymph. You can find lymphocytes in this fluid, it fights pathogens. While the lymph nodes may be located in various parts of the body. This is the reason why there are several areas of the lymphatic system, which is cancerous.
Additionally, breast cancer may also develop within the lymph nodes. Though its symptoms are very different from lymphoma cancer symptoms. Even if lymphoma is the most ordinary blood cancers and many people have heard of it, they still do not know the repercussions of what is lymphoma cancer?
A lot of people mix up lymphoma with leukemia, but on contrary it is two different types of blood cancer. There are 56% of patients who are suffering from blood cancer who have lymphoma. Lymphoma starts when the lymphocytes or white blood cells are gradually multiplying that results to malignant changes in the lymph nodes and other areas in the body. It begins to bread in big amounts then kills the healthy cells that results to transformation of tumors.
Lymphoma starts in any of the bone marrow, lymph nodes or blood and it can spread faster than expected to other parts of the body. The B-lymphocytes and the T-lymphocytes are the carriers of the lymphoma cancer. This is where the classification Hodgkins and Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma is derived. This will give you an idea on what is lymphoma cancer all about.
Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of lymphoma cancer where the Reed-Sterndberg cells are present in the B-cells under morphological studies while the Non Hodgkin Lymphoma is a type of lymphoma that occurs even without the presence of the Reed-Sternberg cells. Inside the lymph nodes, when the cells become excessive it transforms into tumor cells. This makes things worst because it can affect the body organs to waste or die.
Generally, what is lymphoma cancer is about it is a type of cancer in the blood but extremely different from leukemia and it can only be detected with the use of imaging tests like MRI, x-ray, and CT-scan. This disease can be treated with chemotherapy or radiotherapy.