Every single day, millions of individuals worldwide are suffering from knee pain. A large majority of these population are older people affected by arthritis or osteoarthritis. In some cases, knee pain can be a result of by sports injury such as torn ligaments or muscles surrounding the knee joint. Typically, medical specialists prescribe some over the counter drugs for knee pain treatment. These medications include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS ) which can support full knee pain treatment.
The next step for knee pain treatment usually involves Physical Therapy so the area affected can be treated and strengthened thereby preventing recurrence of painful knee condition. In many situations, therapy also includes massage, heat or cold treatment, elevation of legs and some leg developing exercises.
Aside from physical therapy, there are other factors that must be atken into account for effective knee pain treatment such as activity limitations. Truth is, some movements worsen the pain and delay the progress of knee pain treatment. The following activities must be avoided if posible until the knee has healed from swelling and pain.
* Twisting and pivoting
* Repetitive bending ( going up and down stairs)
* Jogging ( especially running)
* Aerobics, dancing
* Playing stop and go sports ( racquet sports like tennis and squash)
The most ideal exercise equipment for the knee should enable smooth motion of the knee, maximum toning of the front and back thigh muscles (quadriceps and hamstring muscles), slight jarring and impact to the joint, and the least possible bending movements to obtain toning. These activities are feasible substitute to the given above.
* Water aerobics * Swimming ( crawl stroke preferable) * Cross country ski machines * Soft platform treadmill
Ice and elevationIce is beneficial for the control of pain and swelling. Ice must be applied to the knee every 2 to 4 hours at least for 15 minutes particularly after workout. A pack of ice, frozen vegetables, or a frozen towel is enough. The swollen knee should be raised above the level of the heart while icing it.
Strengthening exercises-Knee pain treatment begins with gentle strengthening exercises. These exercises must be executed without bending the affected knee. The exercises must strengthen vital muscle groups such as hamstrings and quadriceps which can relieve the knee some load.